Margaret Preston, Native Flowers
People often ask me if I miss Australia and my guttural response is almost always, “Horribly”. Even though I was only 13 in 1978, I was literally grounded to the Australian soil. I visited my grandparents on the edge of the Outback at least once a year and sometimes twice. I was gardening by age four but was always exploring in the bush where I was fascinated by the plants who could handle the heat. Being the oldest continent (Yes, we were first), the most iconic plants have a prehistoric feel relying on bold displays of thousands of stamens to generate color and attract pollinators. They did not evolved enough to develop petals but the petals would loose to much moisture via evaporation and shrivel up quickly in the hot blazing sun
Here are some of the best:
In the image above by one of Australia’s most famous artists, the preponderance of flowers are the banksias. Named after Sir Joseph Banks, one of the most esteemed Australians, was the botanist who accompanied Captain James Cook on the discovery of Australia voyage.See we’re just as mad as the British about gardening when every third grader and up in the country knows the name and history of a botanist.
Both images here are of my personal favorite, Banksia menziesii, named after Australia’s WWII leader and longest serving prime minister. It is but one of 170 known species. The flower heads pictured here are about 4″ high. I have some that have been hanging from my ceiling for two years now and still look pretty cool.porteouspark.org.au
In 2000, we started an online business named Banksia Garden offering imported Australian gifts with a gardening/naturalist theme. But our biggest seller was fresh wreaths of Aussie wildflowers and foliage sourced from Silvermink Protea Ranch in CA. Talk about scent and they could dry on your wall. Like so many dot.busts of the time, it didn’t succeed because the traffic was not enough to sustain a small boutique but it was a fun ride.plantsystematics.org
You know the one the kookaburra sits in, the gum tree is most often known for its scent and peeling bark trunks. But the flowers can be dazzling from afar, yet stunning up close if you’re yearning to climb a tree. See what I mean and note the profusion of stamens:.
There are over 700 species of gums in a myriad of colors as displayed in Gum Blossoms, also by Mrs Preston.
Not a well known tree, but I think it would have a following if the common name was the Sea Urchin Tree. Surprised the florists don’t pull this one through the supply chain. Against the smokey blue-green foliage, it also reminds me of a firecracker. (Better moniker?)
Closely related to the hakea,there are over 360 very different species with the most glorious of the species being Grevillia robusta or the Silky Oak Tree. Just look at this display:
Beth Kinsey w/ permission
They line the streets of my grandmothers’s country town and that was a sight to see.
The other outstanding feature of the silky oak it’s its large fern-like leaves measuring 1′ long. The silver backing of the leaf only adds to the dramatic effect when a calm wind blends silver and green together. Imagine the cool feeling when massed on a 100′ tree?
One of Australia’s most beloved wildflowers and commonly known as waffles, there are over 900 species in Australia mostly in shrub or small tree form. Masses and masses of fluffy yell0w balls with six small petals but once again covered in stamens so you can’t see the petals. My grandmother would bring in large stems but as soon as they looked like they were ready to shatter, they were out the door.UBC Botanical Garden
I had a rare treat when I visited Longwood Gardens years ago in January when I broke away after meetings with FMC in downtown Philly. In the West Conservator Complex, you can find the Acacia Passage which is formed by tying the upper branches of the Cinnamon Wattle (Acacia leprosa) to form a tunnel. While it doesn’t have the vigor as it would grown outside, you can imagine walking through the passage with trusses of yellow flower hanging above you. You can see the whispy foliage in this image:Longwood Gardens
The other truly beloved native is another small tree or shrub. If a picture paints a thousand words, you will eee this image only needs three: baby bottle brush to explain the common name.UBC Botanical Garden
Bottle brush trees can be dramatic in there effect and come in many sizes including some dwarfs that are perfect for mixed borders.
How about this for a stunning but not unusual display for a bottlebrush in all its glory. This is the weeping bottlebrush:trees planet w/permission
Did you happen to notice as we went along the sheer amount of species for each of these five selections. Well, I added it up to find there were 2,300 species of just the plants in this post. Now although Australia is the largest island in the world, it is the smallest continent. But few people realize my homeland is as large as the continental United Sates so we have plenty of room for species but these numbers are an amazing testament to the wonders of the natural world.